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Limitations of mitigating judicial bias with machine learning

Nature Human Behaviour volume 1, Article number: 0141 (2017) | Download Citation

Machine-learning algorithms trained with data that encode human bias will reproduce, not eliminate, the bias, says Kristian Lum.

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Author information


  1. Kristian Lum is lead statistician at the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, 109 Bartlett Street Suite 204, San Francisco, California 94110, USA.

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Competing interests

The author declares unpaid advice to the New York Legal Aid Society and the San Francisco Public Defender's Office.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kristian Lum.

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