Correction to: Nature Geoscience https://doi.org/10.1038/s41561-024-01425-1, published online 29 April 2024

This paper was originally published under standard Springer Nature license (© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited). It is now available as an Open Access paper under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license, © The Author(s). The error has been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.