Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Atmosphere-altered sediments were recycled into the mantle across the Great Oxidation Event

Analysis of mineral inclusions in magmas that crystallized before and after the Great Oxidation Event reveals marked changes in the oxidation state of sulfur — owing to the recycling into the mantle of sediments that had been geochemically altered at the surface by atmospheric events.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: The impact of sediment recycling into the mantle across the Great Oxidation Event is seen in sulfur speciation spectra of apatite inclusions in zircon.


  1. Lee, C.-T. A. et al. Two-step rise of atmospheric oxygen linked to the growth of continents. Nat. Geosci. 9, 417–424 (2016). An article that investigates how plate tectonics might have affected atmospheric oxygenation.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Brounce, M., Kelley, K. A., Cottrell, E. & Reagan, M. K. Temporal evolution of mantle wedge oxygen fugacity during subduction initiation. Geology 43, 775–778 (2015). This paper describes redox states of nascent subduction zones.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Konecke, B. A., Fiege, A., Simon, A. C., Parat, F. & Stechern, A. Co-variability of S6+, S4+, and S2− in apatite as a function of oxidation state: implications for a new oxybarometer. Am. Mineral. 102, 548–557 (2017). An experimental study that demonstrates sulfur speciation in apatite crystals.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Additional information

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

This is a summary of: Moreira, H. et al. Sub-arc mantle fugacity shifted by sediment recycling across the Great Oxidation Event. Nat. Geosci. (2023).

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Atmosphere-altered sediments were recycled into the mantle across the Great Oxidation Event. Nat. Geosci. 16, 837–838 (2023).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing