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Climate dynamics

Simplifying climate complexity

The El Niño Southern Oscillation strongly impacts climate, but its variability remains difficult to predict. A conceptual model based on shifting circulation patterns offers a simple explanation for this complex behaviour.

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Fig. 1: Different types of ENSO events can be captured by zonal shifts of the Walker circulation and changes in upper-ocean conditions.

The figure is adapted from ref. 5


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Correspondence to Antonietta Capotondi.

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Capotondi, A. Simplifying climate complexity. Nat. Geosci. 16, 280–281 (2023).

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