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Amazonian forest degradation must be incorporated into the COP26 agenda

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Fig. 1: Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (that is, forest fires and edge effects) within the Brazilian Amazon.


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This study was financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001. N.S.C., A.C.M.P., J.B.C.R, P.M.F. and L.E.O.C.A. thank the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) for funding (processes 140379/2018-5, 140877/2018-5, 301597/2020-0, 311103/2015-4 and 305054/2016-3, respectively). A.P.-L. thanks the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP; process 2016/21043-8) for funding. V.H. was supported by a NERC GW4+ Doctoral Training Partnership studentship from the Natural Environment Research Council (NE/L002434/1). D.M.L. acknowledges funding from FAPESP (2015/02537-7) and from the AIMES (Analysis, Integration and Modelling of the Earth System) programme. A.A., C.S. and P.B. were funded by Global Wildlife Conservation (grant no. 5282.019-0285) and Climate Land Use Alliance (G-2010-57219). E.B. and J.B. were funded by the UK Research and Innovation (NE/S01084X/1) and the BNP Paribas Foundation (Bioclimate). J.F., E.B. and J.B. thank CNPq for funding (processes 441573/2020-7, 441659/2016-0, 441949/2018-5, and 420254/2018-8). L.O.A. thanks the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI; process SGP-HW 016), the CNPq (processes 441949/2018-5 and 442650/2018-3), and FAPESP (processes 2016/02018-2, 2019/05440-5, and 2018/14423-4) for funding. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. This Correspondence presents the personal views of the authors based on their scientific expertise but is not aimed at representing the official positions of their own organizations. Portuguese and Spanish versions of this Correspondence are provided at

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Correspondence to Celso H. L. Silva Junior.

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Peer review information Nature Geoscience thanks Gregory Asner for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Silva Junior, C.H.L., Carvalho, N.S., Pessôa, A.C.M. et al. Amazonian forest degradation must be incorporated into the COP26 agenda. Nat. Geosci. 14, 634–635 (2021).

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