Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Hydrogen dances in the deep mantle

Hydrogen ions move freely within the crystal structure of a hydrous mineral under lower mantle conditions, resulting in high electrical conductivity that may make it possible to map water in the deep mantle.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Water circulation in the mantle.


  1. Hou, M. et al. Nat. Geosci. (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ringwood, A. E. & Major, A. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 2, 130–133 (1967).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Nishi, M. et al. Nat. Geosci. 7, 224–227 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Huang, X., Xu, Y. & Karato, S.-I. Nature 434, 746–749 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Yoshino, T., Manthilake, G., Matsuzaki, T. & Katsura, T. Nature 451, 326–329 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Sugimura, E. et al. J. Chem. Phys. 137, 194505 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Millot, M. et al. Nat. Phys. 14, 297–302 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Nishihara, Y. & Matsukage, K. N. Am. Mineral. 101, 919–927 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Komabayashi, T. in Earth’s Deep Water Cycle (eds Jacobsen, S. & van der Lee, S.) 29–44 (American Geophysical Union, 2006).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tetsuya Komabayashi.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Komabayashi, T. Hydrogen dances in the deep mantle. Nat. Geosci. 14, 116–117 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing