Fig. 2: Anomaly time series of shortwave energy balance quantities. | Nature Geoscience

Fig. 2: Anomaly time series of shortwave energy balance quantities.

From: Changes in atmospheric shortwave absorption as important driver of dimming and brightening

Fig. 2

af, Regional mean time series for Europe (ac) and China (df) for the TOA net shortwave flux (a,d), atmospheric shortwave absorption (b,e) and downward surface solar shortwave radiation, albedo and surface shortwave absorption (c,f). Time series are shown as deviations (Δ) from long-term means of the reference period 2000–2015 in W m–2 for all the fluxes and in albedo units for Δα. Thin lines show station-averaged annual means. Vertical bars indicate the 95% uncertainty range for propagated measurement uncertainties using a bootstrapping approach (as described in Methods). Thick lines show centred five-year running means.

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