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No progress on diversity in 40 years

Nature Geosciencevolume 11pages292295 (2018) | Download Citation

Ethnic and racial diversity are extremely low among United States citizens and permanent residents who earned doctorates in earth, atmospheric and ocean sciences. Worse, there has been little to no improvement over the past four decades.

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Author information


  1. Department of Geological Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Jackson School of Geosciences, Austin, TX, USA

    • Rachel E. Bernard
  2. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, USA

    • Emily H. G. Cooperdock


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Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Rachel E. Bernard or Emily H. G. Cooperdock.

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