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Hydrothermal stamp on the oceans

The composition of the oceans is altered by hydrothermal circulation. These chemical factories sustain microbial life, which in turn alters the chemistry of the fluids that enter the ocean. A decade of research details this complex interchange.

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Correspondence to Susan Q. Lang.

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Fig. 1: A mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal vent from the Atlantic Ocean.

World History Archive / Alamy Stock Photo