Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • News & Views
  • Published:


Optimizing all links in the chain

Large scale cellulosic biofuel production involves complex interactions between biomass supply, biorefineries and the networks that connect them. New fine-scale spatially explicit modelling seeks to better understand how these components could best integrate with carbon capture to minimize greenhouse gas emissions and optimize biofuel supply chains.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Processes on land, in supply chains and at biorefineries contribute to biofuel GHG emissions.


  1. Sanchez, D. L., Johnson, N., McCoy, S. T., Turner, P. A. & Mach, K. J. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 115, 4875–4880 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. O'Neill, E. G., Geissler, C. H. & Maravelias, C. T. Nat. Energy (2024).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Adler, P. R. et al. In Managing Agricultural Greenhouse Gases: Coordinated Agricultural Research through Gracenet to Address Our Changing Climate Ch. 12, 203–219 (Elsevier, 2012).

  4. Gelfand, I. et al. Nature 493, 514–517 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Yang, M., Baral, N. R., Anastasopoulou, A., Breunig, H. M. & Scown, C. D. Environ. Sci. Technol. 54, 12810–12819 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Field, J. L. et al. Nat. Energy 3, 211–219 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kar, S. et al. Biofuels Bioprod. Biorefin. 14, 1296–1312 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. He-Lambert, L. et al. Appl. Energy 218, 266–281 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Geissler, C. H. & Maravelias, C. T. Appl. Energy 302, 117539 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Short-term Energy Outlook (EIA, 2023);

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sabrina Spatari.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Spatari, S. Optimizing all links in the chain. Nat Energy 9, 771–772 (2024).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing Anthropocene

Sign up for the Nature Briefing: Anthropocene newsletter — what matters in anthropocene research, free to your inbox weekly.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing: Anthropocene