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Opportunities for moderate-range electric vehicles using sustainable sodium-ion batteries

Today’s sodium-ion batteries can not only be used in stationary energy storage applications, but also in 160–280 mile driving-range five-passenger electric vehicles. This technology will alleviate some of the supply-chain issues arising from limited resources of materials used in the ubiquitous lithium-ion batteries.

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Fig. 1: Closing price of lithium carbonate, sodium carbonate, cobalt and nickel over the last five years.
Fig. 2: State-of-the-art energy densities and cycle lives of the Na-ion technology.
Fig. 3: How the type of battery chemistry influences driving range in EVs.


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Correspondence to Ashish Rudola or Jerry Barker.

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All authors are employed by Faradion Limited.

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Nature Energy thanks Yong-Sheng Hu and David Mitlin for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Rudola, A., Sayers, R., Wright, C.J. et al. Opportunities for moderate-range electric vehicles using sustainable sodium-ion batteries. Nat Energy 8, 215–218 (2023).

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