Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Upscaling sub-nano-sized silicon particles

Battery development needs both scientific and engineering breakthroughs. Starting from an atomic understanding of particle growth mechanisms, a remarkable upscaling of a sub-nanometer-sized silicon-based negative electrode — from coin-sized cells to battery packs of over 100 kWh — is now presented.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Unhindered growth of silicon and the growth inhibition by ethylene leading to sub-nano-silicon crystallite formation.


  1. McBrayer, J. et al. Nat. Energy 6, 866–872 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Jaumann, T. et al. Energy Storage Mater. 6, 26–35 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Sung, J. et al. Nat. Energy (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lars Giebeler.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Giebeler, L. Upscaling sub-nano-sized silicon particles. Nat Energy 6, 1092–1093 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing