As increasingly complex and optimized energy systems prepare to cope with a variety of risks including climate shocks and extreme weather events, a myopic focus on economic efficiency can significantly jeopardize critical energy services.
This is a preview of subscription content
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $8.25 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Layek, S. & Disavino, S. Texas grid asks residents to conserve power as heatwave hits. Reuters https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/texas-grid-operator-ercot-urges-energy-conservation-amid-forced-outages-2021-06-14/ (2020).
Morey, M. Extreme winter weather is disrupting energy supply and demand, particularly in Texas. EIA Today in Energy https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=46836# (2021).
Magness, B. Review of February 2021 extreme cold weather event. ERCOT http://www.ercot.com/content/wcm/key_documents_lists/225373/2.2_REVISED_ERCOT_Presentation.pdf (2021).
Stanaland, L., Baldick, R., Cardenas, A. A. & Holmes, J. Protecting the Texas electric grid: A cybersecurity strategy for ERCOT and the PUCT. In Proc. of 2019 Resilience Week 219–225 (IEEE, 2019).
Bushnell, J., Flagg, M. & Mansur, E. Capacity Markets at a Crossroads Capacity Markets at a Crossroads. Energy Institute at Hass Working Paper (2017).
Doss-Gollin, J., Farnham, D. J., Lall, U. & Modi, V. Environ. Res. Lett. 16, 064056 (2021).
Linkov, I. et al. Changing the resilience paradigm. Nat. Clim. Chang. 4, 407–409 (2014).
IEEE Guide for Electric Power Distribution Reliability Indices. IEEE https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6209381 (2012).
Lyubchich, V., Newlands, N. K., Ghahari, A., Mahdi, T. & Gel, Y. R. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Comput. Stat. 11, e1462 (2019).
Douglas, E. Gov. Greg Abbott wants power companies to “winterize.” Texas’ track record won’t make that easy. The Texas Tribune https://www.texastribune.org/2021/02/20/texas-power-grid-winterize/ (2021).
Blunt, K. PG&E, in reversal, to bury power lines in fire-prone areas. Wall Street Journal (21 July 2021).
Goss, M. et al. Environ. Res. Lett. 15, 094016 (2020).
Emanuel, K. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 114, 12681–12684 (2017).
Barker, K. et al. Sustain. Resilient Infrastruct. 2, 59–67 (2017).
Duan, D. L., Ling, X. D., Wu, X. Y. & Zhong, B. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 64, 88–95 (2015).
Sanger, D. E. & Perloth, N. Colonial Pipeline hack reveals weaknesses in US cybersecurity. New York Times (14 May 2021).
Gasser, P. et al. Sustain. Resilient Infrastruct. 1–27 https://doi.org/10.1080/23789689.2019.1610600 (2019).
Howell, S., Rezgui, Y., Hippolyte, J. L., Jayan, B. & Li, H. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 77, 193–214 (2017).
Yeager, K. DC Microgrid Performance Excellence in Electricity Renewal. In Proc. 2015 IEEE 1st International Conference on Direct Current Microgrids 377–380 (IEEE, 2015).
Mekelburg, M. Energy experts: Texas response to power crisis lacks long-term planning. Austin American-Statesman (26 April 2021).
The authors thank Edmond Russo for his assistance on this paper. This study was funded in part by the US Army Corp of Engineers Military Funding Program on ‘Integrating energy and computing networks’, and the US Department of Defense Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Program. The views and opinions expressed in this paper are those of the individual authors and not those of the US Army or other sponsor organizations.
The authors declare no competing interests.
About this article
Cite this article
Jin, A.S., Trump, B.D., Golan, M. et al. Building resilience will require compromise on efficiency. Nat Energy 6, 997–999 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-021-00913-7