Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Get tougher

Mechanical reliability of perovskite solar cells is an important factor in ensuring their operational stability, yet it remains a critical challenge. Researchers have now demonstrated that interfacial self-assembled monolayers increase adhesion toughness between the perovskite and charge-transport layers, enhancing the device stability.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Interfacial toughening in perovskite solar cells.


  1. Rong, Y. et al. Science 361, eaat8235 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ramirez, C., Yadavalli, S. K., Garces, H. F., Zhou, Y. & Padture, N. P. Scripta Mat. 150, 36–41 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Rolston, N. et al. Extreme Mech. Lett. 9, 353–358 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Gutwald, M. et al. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 209, 110433 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Schulz, P., Cahen, D. & Kahn, A. Chem. Rev. 119, 3349–3417 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Dai, Z. et al. Science 372, 618–622 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kim, S. Y., Cho, S. J., Byeon, S. E., He, X. & Yoon, H. J. Adv. Energy Mater. 10, 2002606 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Yang, G. et al. J. Mater. Chem. A 5, 1658–1666 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Liu, L. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 1790–1793 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Gilday, L. C. et al. Chem. Rev. 115, 7118–7195 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Abate, A. et al. Nano Lett. 14, 3247–3254 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Ruiz-Preciado, M. A. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 142, 1645–1654 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jovana V. Milić.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ochoa-Martinez, E., Milić, J.V. Get tougher. Nat Energy 6, 858–859 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing