Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Beyond short-duration energy storage

Long-duration energy storage technologies can be a solution to the intermittency problem of wind and solar power but estimating technology costs remains a challenge. New research identifies cost targets for long-duration storage technologies to make them competitive against different firm low-carbon generation technologies.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Get just this article for as long as you need it


Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Multi-scale energy storage needs for a hypothetical 95% carbon-free power system.


  1. Sepulveda, N. A., Jenkins, J. D., Edington, A., Mallapragada, D. S. & Lester, R. K. Nat. Energy (2021).

  2. DOE Global Energy Storage Database (US Department of Energy, accessed 24 March 2021);

  3. Cebulla, F., Haas, J., Eichman, J., Nowak, W. & Mancarella, P. J. Clean. Prod. 181, 449–459 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Duration addition to electricitY storage (DAYS) overview. The Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) (2018).

  5. Albertus, P., Manser, J. S. & Litzelman, S. Joule 4, 21–32 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Gür, T. M. Energy Environ. Sci. 11, 2696–2767 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Bistline, J. et al. Prog. Energy 2, 1–22 (2020).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Denholm, P. & Mai, T. Renew. Energy 130, 388–399 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Omar J. Guerra.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Guerra, O.J. Beyond short-duration energy storage. Nat Energy 6, 460–461 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing