It is now almost 50 years since the first rechargeable lithium batteries, based on the reversible intercalation of lithium into layered structured titanium disulfide, were conceived. They were the precursor to the structurally related layered oxides that now dominate energy storage for electronics, the grid and vehicles.
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Whittingham, M.S. Lithium titanium disulfide cathodes. Nat Energy 6, 214 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41560-020-00765-7