Minimum doping densities for p–n junctions

The Original Article was published on 04 February 2019

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Fig. 1: Effect of doping on the band diagram of halide perovskite solar cells.
Fig. 2: Effect of doping on the photovoltaic parameters of perovskite solar cells.

Data availability

All data used for the arguments are shown in the main paper or in the Supplementary Information file. The parameters for the simulations are given in Table 1.


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Author information




T.K. performed the simulations, all quantitative comparisons and wrote most of the manuscript. D.C. initiated the work and wrote the last part of the manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Thomas Kirchartz.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Supplementary information

Supplementary Information

Supplementary Figs. 1–4.

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Kirchartz, T., Cahen, D. Minimum doping densities for p–n junctions. Nat Energy 5, 973–975 (2020).

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