Successful coal phase-out requires new models of development

Different energy sources have different spillovers on economic development and industrialization. Pathways of economic development based on renewable energy sources might require additional policies to support industrial development.

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Fig. 1: Coal use across space and time.
Fig. 2: Changes in poverty rates against the share of coal in total power capacity additions.


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L.M., M.K. and J.C.S. acknowledge financial support by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, funding code 01LA1828B (ROCHADE). M.J., J.P. and J.C.S. acknowledge funding by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, funding code 01LA1807A-C (DECADE).

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Correspondence to Jan Christoph Steckel.

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Kalkuhl, M., Steckel, J.C., Montrone, L. et al. Successful coal phase-out requires new models of development. Nat Energy 4, 897–900 (2019).

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