Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.



A conventional lithium-ion battery makes use of both an anode and a cathode. Now, a new design of batteries with no anodes in their initial state is shown to be promising for practical applications.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Schematics of battery design.


  1. 1.

    Whittingham, M. S. Proc. IEEE 100, 1518–1534 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Goodenough, J. B. & Park, K.-S. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 1167–1176 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Xu, W. et al. Energy Environ. Sci. 7, 513–537 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Weber, R. et al. Nat. Energy (2019).

  5. 5.

    Neudecker, B. J., Dudney, N. J. & Bates, J. B. J. Electrochem. Soc. 147, 517–523 (2000).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Qian, J. et al. Adv. Funct. Mater. 26, 7094–7102 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Milien, M. S., Hoffmann, J., Payne, M. & Lucht, B. L. J. Electrochem. Soc. 165, A3925–A3931 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ji-Guang Zhang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, JG. Anode-less. Nat Energy 4, 637–638 (2019).

Download citation

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing