Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Bring on the heat

One third of industrial processes occur at high temperatures above 1300 K, but current methods of waste heat recovery at these temperatures are limited. Now, reduced graphene oxide is shown to be a highly efficient and reliable thermoelectric material up to 3000 K.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Total industrial energy demand and availability of commercial thermoelectric generators.


  1. Renewable Energy Road Map: Renewable Energies in the 21st Century: Building a More Sustainable Future v.848-final (EU Commission, 2006);

  2. Naegler, T., Simon, S., Klein, M. & Christian Gils, H. Int. J. Energy Res. 39, 2019–2030 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Li, T. et al. Nat. Energy (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Waste Heat Recovery: Technology and Opportunities in US Industry (US Department of Energy Industrial Technologies Program, 2008);

  5. Champier, D. Energy Convers. Manag. 140, 167–181 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Liu, W., Seok Kim, H., Jie, Q. & Ren, Z. Scr. Mater. 111, 3–9 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Application of Industrial Heat Pumps, Part 1 Report No. HPP-AN35-1 (International Energy Agency, Borås, Sweden, 2014).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Gabi Schierning.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Schierning, G. Bring on the heat. Nat Energy 3, 92–93 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing