Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Disentangling interfacial energetics

Understanding interfacial charge transfer in water-splitting photoelectrodes is complicated by the delicate interplay between catalyst and light absorber. Now, an approach based on atomic force microscopy is exploited to measure the surface electrochemical potential of nanostructured catalyst-coated electrodes in operando.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1: Schematic of potential sensing electrochemical atomic force microscopy.


  1. Fujishima, A. & Honda, K. Nature 238, 37–38 (1972).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Nellist, M. R. et al. Nat. Energy. (2017).

  3. Lin, F. & Boettcher, S. W. Nat. Mater. 13, 81–86 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Leblebici, S. et al. Nat. Energy 1, 16093 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Toma, F. M. et al. Nat. Commun. 7, 12012 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Francesca Maria Toma.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Toma, F.M. Disentangling interfacial energetics. Nat Energy 3, 6–7 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing