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Successful implementation of global targets to reduce nutrient and pesticide pollution requires suitable indicators

Indicators proposed for nutrient and pesticide pollution in the current text of the Convention on Biological Diversity’s post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) are inadequate for tracking progress and informing policy. We highlight a set of more relevant pollution indicators that would strengthen the monitoring framework of the GBF and discuss conditions for their successful implementation.

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Fig. 1: Primary sources of pollution and proposed indicators for nutrient and pesticide pollution for the monitoring framework of the GBF.


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The Comment is based on a science brief written by the coauthors on pollution targets in support of the post-2020 GBF negotiations.

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Correspondence to Niklas Möhring, David Kanter or Paul Leadley.

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All authors declare no competing interests.

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Möhring, N., Kanter, D., Aziz, T. et al. Successful implementation of global targets to reduce nutrient and pesticide pollution requires suitable indicators. Nat Ecol Evol 7, 1556–1559 (2023).

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