Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Loss and damage finance should apply to biodiversity loss

Global biodiversity loss has been disproportionately driven by consumption of people in rich nations. The concept of ‘loss and damage’ — familiar from international agreements on climate change — should be considered for the effects of biodiversity loss in countries of the Global South.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Fig. 1

Florian Bachmeier/imageBROKER/Alamy Stock Photo


  1. COP27. CMA 4 AUV 8f., (20 November 2022).

  2. CBD. CBD/COP/DEC/15/4., (19 December 2022).

  3. CBD. CBD/COP/DEC/15/7., (19 December 2022).

  4. UNFCCC. A Literature Review on the Topics in the Context of Thematic Area 2 of the Work Programme on Loss and Damage: A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage Associated with the Adverse Effects of Climate Change (UNFCCC, (2012).

  5. Addison, S. et al. Addressing Loss and Damage: Practical Insights for Tackling Multidimensional Risks in LDCs and SIDs (IIED Working Paper) (IIED and ICCCAD, 2022).

  6. IPCC. In Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (H.-O. Pörtner et al.) 3–33 (IPCC, 2022).

  7. UNFCCC. Non-economic Losses in the Context of the Work Programme on Loss and Damage (UNFCCC, 2013).

  8. IPBES. Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES secretariat, 2019).

  9. DEFRA. 17: Global biodiversity impacts of UK consumption., (2022).

  10. Bharadwa, B., Jones, A., Fifield, J. & Sutcliffe, S. Br. Actuarial J 27, e13 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Crenna, E., Sinkko, T. & Sala, S. J. Clean. Prod. 227, 378–391 (2019).

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  12. Mills, E. et al. EU Fisheries Agreements: Cheap Fish for a High Price (Transnational Institute, Afrika Kontakt and Masifundise for Hands on the Land, 2017)

  13. Vidal, J. Margaret Thatcher: an unlikely green hero? The Guardian, (9 April 2013).

  14. Jönsson, J. H. J. Community Pract. 27, 213–230 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Dreoni, I. Schaafsma, M. & Matthews, Z. The Social Impacts of Soy Production: A Systematic Review (UKRI GCRF TRADE Hub, 2021).

  16. DEFRA. Political vision: The 10 Point Plan for Financing Biodiversity., (28 February 2023).

  17. Roe, D., Seddon, N. & Elliot, J. Biodiversity Loss is a Development Issue (IIED Issues Paper) (IIED, 2019).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dilys Roe.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Roe, D., Holland, E., Nisi, N. et al. Loss and damage finance should apply to biodiversity loss. Nat Ecol Evol 7, 1336–1338 (2023).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing