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Social senescence in red deer

Longitudinal data spanning 43 years from a wild ungulate population reveal changes in social connectedness as individuals age, and suggest that these changes may in part be driven by changes in spatial behaviour.

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Fig. 1: Red deer show within-individual declines in social connectedness as they age.


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Correspondence to Erin R. Siracusa.

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Siracusa, E.R. Social senescence in red deer. Nat Ecol Evol 6, 1062–1063 (2022).

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