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PALAEOGENOMICS

Neanderthal assimilation?

Four new Late Pleistocene European modern human genomes had Neanderthal ancestors in their immediate family history, suggesting that interbreeding with the last Neanderthals was common.

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Fig. 1: Map of western Eurasia showing fossils that have provided extensive genome-wide data in the putative contact period (40,000 to 50,000 yr bp) between Neanderthals and modern humans.

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Correspondence to Carles Lalueza-Fox.

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Lalueza-Fox, C. Neanderthal assimilation?. Nat Ecol Evol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01421-3

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