Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Correspondence
  • Published:

Safety and security concerns regarding transmissible vaccines

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout


  1. Nuismer, S. L. & Bull, J. J. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 4, 1168–1173 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Simon, A. J. & Ellington, A. D. F1000Research 5(F1000 Faculty Rev), 2118 (2016).

  3. Burns, C. C., Diop, O. M., Sutter, R. W. & Kew, O. M. J. Infect. Dis. 210, S283–S293 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Sijmons, S. et al. J. Virol. 89, 7673–7695 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Schwensow, N. I. et al. Evol. Appl. 7, 1056–1067 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Dennis, C. Nature 411, 232–235 (2001).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Gilsdorf, J. R. & Zilinskas, R. A. Clin. Infect. Dis. 40, 1160–1165 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Danzig, R. et al. Aum Shinrikyo: Insights Into How Terrorists Develop Biological and Chemical Weapons 2nd edn (Center for a New American Security, 2012);

  9. Smithson, M. W., Basinki, A. J., Nuismer, S. L. & Bull, J. J. Vaccine 37, 1153–1159 (2019).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Bakker, K. M. et al. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 3, 1697–1704 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jonas B. Sandbrink.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Peer review information Nature Ecology & Evolution thanks the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sandbrink, J.B., Watson, M.C., Hebbeler, A.M. et al. Safety and security concerns regarding transmissible vaccines. Nat Ecol Evol 5, 405–406 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing