Measuring net-positive outcomes for nature using accounting

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1.

    Bull, J. W. et al. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 4, 4–7 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012 — Central Framework (UN, 2014);

  3. 3.

    Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets (CBD, 2010);

  4. 4.

    Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio (UN, 1992).

  5. 5.

    System of National Accounts 2008 (UN, 2008);

  6. 6.

    Lange, G.-M., Wodon, Q. & Carey, K. (eds) The Changing Wealth of Nations (World Bank Group, 2018).

  7. 7.

    System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012 — Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (UN, 2014);

  8. 8.

    SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting Revision, SEEA Information Briefing (UN, 2019);

  9. 9.

    Bond, S. & Vardon, M. Butterfly Accounts for the Australian Capital Territory: A Report to the Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment (Commissioner for Sustainability and the Environment A.C.T., 2019);

  10. 10.

    Keith, H., Vardon, M., Stein, J. A., Stein, J. L. & Lindenmayer, D. Nat. Ecol. Evol. 1, 1683–1692 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Vardon, M., Pule, O. B. & Galegane, D. Water Resour. Econ. 20, 31–39 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Exploring Approaches for Constructing Species Accounts in the context of the SEEA-EEA (UNEP-WCMC, 2016);

  13. 13.

    Ruijs, A. & Vardon, M. Natural Capital Accounting for Mainstreaming Biodiversity in Public Policy (PBL, 2018);

  14. 14.

    Compiling Biodiversity Accounts with the GLOBIO Model: A Case Study of Mexico (PBL, 2017);

  15. 15.

    The Role of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting as a Measurement Framework in Support of the post-2020 Agenda (CBD, 2018);

  16. 16.

    Response from the United Nations Committee of Experts on Environmental-Economic Accounting to issues raised in CBD/POST2020/PREP/1/1 (CBD, 2018);

Download references

Author information




P.B. and M.V. conceived and wrote the manuscript, with support from H.K., S.K. and D.L., who also provided substantive insights and gave comment and review.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter Burnett.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Burnett, P., Vardon, M., Keith, H. et al. Measuring net-positive outcomes for nature using accounting. Nat Ecol Evol 4, 284–285 (2020).

Download citation