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Geodiversity–biodiversity relationship needs more empirical evidence

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Fig. 1: Map showing published empirical geodiversity–biodiversity studies executed in different ecosystems.

Data availability

Web of Science search data are found in Supplementary Table 1.


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Financial support was provided by the Academy of Finland (grants 315519 and 322652) and the Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation.

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Authors and Affiliations



J.A. devised the original idea and led the writing with contributions from M.T. and J.H. M.T. performed the Web of Science search.

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Correspondence to Janne Alahuhta.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

Supplementary information

Supplementary Tables

Web of Science search on 8th of August 2019, with the following keywords: “geodiv*” AND “biodiv*” using ‘TOPIC’ as search criteria and covering all years.

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Alahuhta, J., Toivanen, M. & Hjort, J. Geodiversity–biodiversity relationship needs more empirical evidence. Nat Ecol Evol 4, 2–3 (2020).

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