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Phenology and the city

Temperature differences between cities and the countryside have been regarded as useful surrogates for ecological responses to climate warming. However, research reveals mismatch between the phenological responses to spatial and temporal temperature gradients as well as complex interactions between urbanization and climate.

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Fig. 1: The effect of urbanization on plant phenology.


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Correspondence to Constantin M. Zohner.

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Zohner, C.M. Phenology and the city. Nat Ecol Evol 3, 1618–1619 (2019).

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