States at the United Nations have begun negotiating a new treaty to strengthen the legal regime for marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Failure to ensure the full scope of fish biodiversity is covered could result in thousands of species continuing to slip through the cracks of a fragmented global ocean governance framework.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Open Access articles citing this article.
Nature Communications Open Access 21 September 2020
Subscribe to Nature+
Get immediate online access to Nature and 55 other Nature journal
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $9.92 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Merrie, A. et al. Glob. Environ. Change 27, 19–31 (2014).
Morato, T., Watson, R., Pitcher, T. J. & Pauly, D. Fish Fish. 7, 24–34 (2006).
Anticamara, J. A., Watson, R., Gelchu, A. & Pauly, D. Fish. Res. 107, 131–136 (2011).
Kroodsma, D. A. et al. Science 359, 904–908 (2018).
Ortuño Crespo, G. & Dunn, D. C. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 74, 2283–2297 (2017).
Clark, M. R. et al. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 73, i51–i69 (2015).
Levin, L. A. & Le Bris, N. Science 350, 766–768 (2015).
Cheung, W. W. et al. Fish Fish. 10, 235–251 (2009).
Möllmann, C. & Diekmann, R. Adv. Ecol. Res. 47, 303–347 (2012).
International Legally Binding Instrument under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biological Diversity of Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction A/RES/72/249 (United Nations, 2018); undocs.org/A/RES/72/249
Gjerde, K. M., Clark, N. & Harden-Davis, H. Building a Platform for the Future: The Relationship of the Expected New Agreement for Marine Biodiversity in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction and the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea Ocean Yearbook 23 (Ocean Yearbook, in the press).
Juan-Jordá, M. J., Murua, H., Arrizabalaga, H., Dulvy, N. K. & Restrepo, V. Fish Fish. 19, 321–339 (2018).
Wright, G., Ardron, J., Gjerde, K., Currie, D. & Rochette, J. Mar. Policy 61, 134–148 (2015).
Ricard, D., Minto, C., Jensen, O. P. & Baum, J. K. Fish Fish. 13, 380–398 (2013).
Webb, T. J., Berghe, E. V. & O’Dor, R. PLoS ONE 5, e10223 (2010).
Cortés, E. et al. Collect. Vol. Sci. Pap. ICCAT 71, 2637–2688 (2015).
Hilborn, R. & Ovando, D. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 71, 1040–1046 (2014).
Gianni, M. et al. How much longer will it take? A Ten-year Review of the Implementation of United Nations General Assembly Resolutions 61/105, 64/72 and 66/68 on the Management of Bottom Fisheries in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, 2016).
Fowler, S. The Conservation Status of Migratory Sharks (UNEP/CMS Secretariat, 2014).
This is a product of the Nippon Foundation Nereus Program.
The authors declare no competing interests.
About this article
Cite this article
Crespo, G.O., Dunn, D.C., Gianni, M. et al. High-seas fish biodiversity is slipping through the governance net. Nat Ecol Evol 3, 1273–1276 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0981-4
This article is cited by
Towards climate-smart, three-dimensional protected areas for biodiversity conservation in the high seas
Nature Climate Change (2022)
Environment, Development and Sustainability (2022)
Explicit targets and cooperation: regional fisheries management organizations and the sustainable development goals
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics (2021)
Nature Communications (2020)
Nature Sustainability (2020)