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The trouble with trade

A study of habitat loss associated with global trade reveals growing impacts on bird biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Overall increases in impacts are driven by changing consumption patterns and human population increases — and may be even greater if land-use intensification is considered.

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Fig. 1: Palm oil growth.

peanut butter, Tatjana Baibakova/Alamy Stock Photo; palm plantation, B.A.E. Inc./Alamy Stock Photo


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Correspondence to Tim Newbold.

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Newbold, T. The trouble with trade. Nat Ecol Evol 3, 522–523 (2019).

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