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Incorporate Indigenous perspectives for impactful research and effective management

Nature Ecology & Evolutionvolume 2pages16801683 (2018) | Download Citation

Indigenous knowledge and ecological science have complementary differences that can be fruitfully combined to better understand the past and predict the future of social-ecological systems. Cooperation among scientific and Indigenous perspectives can improve conservation and resource management policies.

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Author notes

  1. These authors contributed equally: Natalie C. Ban, Alejandro Frid.


  1. School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

    • Natalie C. Ban
    •  & Alejandro Frid
  2. Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance, Campbell River, British Columbia, Canada

    • Alejandro Frid
  3. Heiltsuk Integrated Resource Management Department, Heiltsuk First Nation, Bella Bella, British Columbia, Canada

    • Mike Reid
  4. Kitasoo/Xai’xais Integrated Resource Authority, Kitasoo/Xai’xais First Nation, Klemtu, British Columbia, Canada

    • Barry Edgar
  5. Wuikinuxv Resource Stewardship, Wuikinuxv Nation, Wuikinuxv, British Columbia, Canada

    • Danielle Shaw
  6. Nuxalk Stewardship Office, Nuxalk Nation, Bella Coola, British Columbia, Canada

    • Peter Siwallace


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  2. Search for Alejandro Frid in:

  3. Search for Mike Reid in:

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  6. Search for Peter Siwallace in:


Our contributions to this piece come from three perspectives: an academic who partners with Indigenous peoples in her research (N.C.B.), an ecologist who conducts and facilitates research collaboratively with an organization of four Indigenous peoples (A.F.), and resource managers and Indigenous knowledge-holders from the Heiltsuk, Kitasoo/Xai’xais, Wuikinuxv and Nuxalk First Nations of British Columbia, Canada (M.R., B.E., D.S. and P.S., respectively). N.C.B. and A.F. drafted the paper (equal contribution). M.R., B.E., D.S. and P.S. guided the appropriate representation of Indigenous perspectives and edited the paper.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Natalie C. Ban.

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