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Incorporate Indigenous perspectives for impactful research and effective management

Indigenous knowledge and ecological science have complementary differences that can be fruitfully combined to better understand the past and predict the future of social-ecological systems. Cooperation among scientific and Indigenous perspectives can improve conservation and resource management policies.

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Author information

Our contributions to this piece come from three perspectives: an academic who partners with Indigenous peoples in her research (N.C.B.), an ecologist who conducts and facilitates research collaboratively with an organization of four Indigenous peoples (A.F.), and resource managers and Indigenous knowledge-holders from the Heiltsuk, Kitasoo/Xai’xais, Wuikinuxv and Nuxalk First Nations of British Columbia, Canada (M.R., B.E., D.S. and P.S., respectively). N.C.B. and A.F. drafted the paper (equal contribution). M.R., B.E., D.S. and P.S. guided the appropriate representation of Indigenous perspectives and edited the paper.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Correspondence to Natalie C. Ban.

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0706-0

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