Regulations designed to prevent global inequalities in the use of genetic resources apply to both commercial and non-commercial research. Conflating the two may have unintended consequences for collaboration between the Global North and biodiverse countries in the Global South, which may promote global injustice rather than mitigate it.
We thank C. Schauz and S. I. Martinez for comments on the manuscript. This work was supported by the UZH Research Priority Program on ‘Global Change and Biodiversity’. F.A. was also supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant number PP00P3_150698).