Scales of data

An audit of recent research on the scales of data collection in ecology highlights the field’s data limitations, which may hinder progress in linking processes across scales.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Fig. 1: Ecological data in space and time.


  1. 1.

    Estes, L. et al. Nat. Ecol. Evol. (2018).

  2. 2.

    Levin, S. A. Ecology 73, 1943–1967 (1992).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Holling, C. S. Ecol. Monogr. 62, 447–502 (1992).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Bennington, J. B. et al. Palaios 24, 1–4 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. K. Morgan Ernest.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The author declares no competing interests.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ernest, S.K.M. Scales of data. Nat Ecol Evol 2, 769–770 (2018).

Download citation