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Trophy hunting certification

Adaptive certification is the best remaining option for the trophy hunting industry in Africa to demonstrate sustainable and ethical hunting practices that benefit local communities and wildlife conservation.

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Fig. 1: Schematic overview of adaptive trophy hunting certification.


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T.C.W. was funded by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. L.W.T. was supported by a Carnegie Corporation of New York Fellowship through the Global Change and Sustainability Research Institute, University of the Witwatersrand (grant B8749.R01). T.T. was supported by the DFG-CRC 990 EFForTS and the BMBF project Limpopo Living Landscapes. T.C.W. thanks M. Fortin-McCuaig for initial discussions on the topic.

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T.C.W. and L.W.T. conceived the work. All authors wrote the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Thomas C. Wanger or Lochran W. Traill.

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The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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Wanger, T.C., Traill, L.W., Cooney, R. et al. Trophy hunting certification. Nat Ecol Evol 1, 1791–1793 (2017).

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