Understandably, given the fast pace of biodiversity loss, there is much interest in using Earth observation technology to track biodiversity, ecosystem functions and ecosystem services. However, because most biodiversity is invisible to Earth observation, indicators based on Earth observation could be misleading and reduce the effectiveness of nature conservation and even unintentionally decrease conservation effort. We describe an approach that combines automated recording devices, high-throughput DNA sequencing and modern ecological modelling to extract much more of the information available in Earth observation data. This approach is achievable now, offering efficient and near-real-time monitoring of management impacts on biodiversity and its functions and services.
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Nature Communications Open Access 23 March 2023
Long-term archival of environmental samples empowers biodiversity monitoring and ecological research
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This Perspective is a product of the EO-BESS Working Group, organized by H.B., D.R. and B.C. and funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council. Individual author acknowledgements are in Supplementary Information.
D.W.Y. and A.V. are co-founders of a private company that provides commercial metabarcoding services.
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Bush, A., Sollmann, R., Wilting, A. et al. Connecting Earth observation to high-throughput biodiversity data. Nat Ecol Evol 1, 0176 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0176
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