Artificial selection for antibiotic resistance in microorganisms reveals why and how expected evolutionary trade-offs between population growth rate and population carrying capacity are not observed in resource-limited environments, with ‘trade-ups’ occurring instead.
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The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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Reznick, D., King, K. Antibiotic resistance: Evolution without trade-offs. Nat Ecol Evol 1, 0066 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0066