Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Making sure the blue economy is green

Given the growing and seemingly limitless capacity to industrialize the oceans, there is a need to reimagine how to effectively measure, monitor and sustainably manage this seventy-one per cent of the Earth's surface.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Relevant articles

Open Access articles citing this article.

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type

from$1.95

to$39.95

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Figure 1: Can they decouple? Trends in gross world product, overfishing and ocean pollution.

References

  1. Goddard, C. The ocean business: The rise of rhetoric of the blue economy. The Economist (2 November 2015).

    Google Scholar 

  2. McCauley, D. J. et al. Science 16, 228–234 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  3. The Ocean Economy in 2030 (OECD, 2016).

  4. Patil, P. G., Virdin, J., Diez, S. M., Roberts, J. & Singh, A. Toward a Blue Economy: A Promise for Sustainable Growth in the Caribbean; An Overview (World Bank, 2016).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  5. Fish to 2030. Prospects for Fisheries and Aquaculture (World Bank, 2013).

  6. Wealth in the Oceans: Deep Sea Mining on the Horizon? (UNEP, 2014).

  7. Hagstrom, G. I. & Levin, S. A. Preprint at bioRxiv http://doi.org/bvj8 (2016).

    Google Scholar 

  8. The Blue Economy: Growth, Opportunity and a Sustainable Ocean Economy (The Economist, 2015); http://go.nature.com/2gnzpfP

  9. Silver, J. J., Grady, N. J., Campbell, L. M., Fairbanks, L. W. & Gruby, R. L. J. Env. Dev. 24, 135–160 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Dunn, D. C. et al. Mar. Policy 49, 137–145 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Oceans, fisheries and coastal economies. World Bank (3 October 2015); http://go.nature.com/2gF95vh

  12. The Equator Principles: Do They Make Banks More Sustainable? (United Nations Environment Programme, 2016).

  13. Golden, J. S. et al. Ecol. Soc. 15, 8 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. O'shea T. O., Golden, J. S. & Olander, L. Bus. Strat. Env. 22, 429–441 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Nowacek, D. P. et al. Front. Ecol. Env. 13, 378–386 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. State of the World's Fisheries and Aquaculture (FAO, 2014).

  17. Marine biotech industry could grow by 12% per year in Europe. ScienceDaily (13 December 2010).

  18. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Twentieth Anniversary (United Nations, 2002); http://go.nature.com/2h6vNNp

  19. Offshore wind industry will become €130 billion annual market by 2020. Clean Technica (8 May 2013).

  20. Global Marine Freight (Datamonitor, 2010).

  21. Brakenhoff, R. Oil Gas Finan. J. 12, (4), 28–29 (2015).

    Google Scholar 

  22. Digital Coast Data Registry (NOAA, 2016).

  23. Jambeck, J. R. et al. Science 347, 768–771 (2015).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jay S. Golden.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Golden, J., Virdin, J., Nowacek, D. et al. Making sure the blue economy is green. Nat Ecol Evol 1, 0017 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0017

Download citation

  • Published:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-016-0017

This article is cited by

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing