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Effective climate action must integrate climate adaptation and mitigation

Mitigation and adaptation strategies have historically been, and continue to be, developed separately. The climate is already changing and integration of adaptation and mitigation in policy and practice is now urgently needed.

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This work was supported by the UK Economic and Social Research Council through the Place-Based Climate Action Network (P-CAN) (ref. ES/S008381/1).

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C.H. and E.J.Z.R. conceived the work, drafted the manuscript, and edited and approved the final version.

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Correspondence to Candice Howarth.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Howarth, C., Robinson, E.J.Z. Effective climate action must integrate climate adaptation and mitigation. Nat. Clim. Chang. 14, 300–301 (2024).

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