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Circular economy strategies to decarbonize China’s bulk material cycles

Emission savings from three circular economy strategies aiming to close, slow and narrow China’s bulk material loops have been analysed using an integrated model. This analysis highlights that material recycling delivers substantial emission cuts, but demand reduction is equally crucial for decarbonizing bulk materials.

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Fig. 1: Circular economy strategies for GHG emissions savings.


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This is a summary of: Song, L. et al. China’s bulk material loops can be closed but deep decarbonization requires demand reduction. Nat. Clim. Change (2023).

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Circular economy strategies to decarbonize China’s bulk material cycles. Nat. Clim. Chang. 13, 1030–1031 (2023).

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