A gap persists between the emissions reductions pledged by countries under the Paris Agreement and those resulting from their domestic policies. We argue that this gap in fact contains two parts: one in the policies that countries adopt, and the other in the outcomes that those policies achieve.
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Data for Figs. 2 and 3 are available in the Supplementary Data.
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We acknowledge funding from the Swiss Network for International Studies. J.M. acknowledges funding from the National Science Foundation (grant no. 2224086). T.S.S. acknowledges funding from the Swiss National Science Foundation. T.F. acknowledges financial support from the Link Energy Foundation.
The authors declare no competing interests.
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Fransen, T., Meckling, J., Stünzi, A. et al. Taking stock of the implementation gap in climate policy. Nat. Clim. Chang. 13, 752–755 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-023-01755-9
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