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Pragmatic cost–benefit analysis for infrastructure resilience

Infrastructure investment needs to account for climate change globally, yet most day-to-day projects are small and poorly served by economic assessment processes. Four simple adjustments to cost–benefit analysis practices would greatly improve decision making for future infrastructure resilience.

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Authors and Affiliations



R.W., T.C. & M.S.-S. conceived the paper; all authors wrote, commented on and edited the manuscript at all stages; and M.S.-S. undertook submission and the corresponding author role.

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Correspondence to Mark Stafford-Smith.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Wise, R.M., Capon, T., Lin, B.B. et al. Pragmatic cost–benefit analysis for infrastructure resilience. Nat. Clim. Chang. 12, 881–883 (2022).

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