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The German constitutional verdict is a landmark in climate litigation

Climate and freedom are interconnected in various ways. The recent German verdict on climate protection realigned the fundamental rights in liberal democratic societies and marks an important step in climate litigation around the world.

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Fig. 1: Weaknesses of the IPCC emissions budget.


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This research was partially funded by the Leibniz Association within the Leibniz ScienceCampus Phosphorus Research Rostock.

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Authors and Affiliations



F.E. developed the underlying human rights perspective, beginning in 2000, and conceptualized and drafted the article. K.H. provided additional content and edited the article. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Felix Ekardt.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Nature Climate Change thanks Robert Glicksman and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

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Ekardt, F., Heyl, K. The German constitutional verdict is a landmark in climate litigation. Nat. Clim. Chang. 12, 697–699 (2022).

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