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Enhanced ENSO variability moderates future Southern Ocean warming

A projected change in the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is found to induce a change in high-latitude winds, thereby affecting future Southern Ocean warming. A greater projected increase in ENSO amplitude in response to transient greenhouse forcing weakens high-latitude westerly poleward intensification and slows future Southern Ocean warming.

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Fig. 1: Future Southern Ocean warming linked to projected ENSO variability.


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This is a summary of: Wang, G. et al. Future Southern Ocean warming linked to projected ENSO variability. Nat. Clim. Change (2022).

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Enhanced ENSO variability moderates future Southern Ocean warming. Nat. Clim. Chang. 12, 622–623 (2022).

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