Reply to: Permafrost thaw and northern development

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    O’Neill H. B. et al. Permafrost thaw and northern development. Nat. Clim. Change https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0862-5 (2020).

  2. 2.

    Teufel, B. & Sushama, L. Abrupt changes across the Arctic permafrost region endanger northern development. Nat. Clim. Change 9, 858–862 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Verseghy, D. L. CLASS—The Canadian Land Surface Scheme (Version 3.5), Technical Documentation (Version 1) (Science and Technology Branch, Climate Research Division, Environment Canada, 2011).

  4. 4.

    Kurylyk, B. L., MacQuarrie, K. T. B. & McKenzie, J. M. Climate change impacts on groundwater and soil temperatures in cold and temperate regions: Implications, mathematical theory, and emerging simulation tools. Earth Sci. Rev. 138, 313–334 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Painter, S. L. et al. Integrated surface/subsurface permafrost thermal hydrology: model formulation and proof-of-concept simulations. Water Resour. Res. 52, 6062–6077 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Aas, K. S. et al. Thaw processes in ice-rich permafrost landscapes represented with laterally coupled tiles in a land surface model. Cryosphere 13, 591–609 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    White, D. et al. The Arctic freshwater system: changes and impacts. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci. 112, G04S54 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Jorgenson, M. T. et al. Reorganization of vegetation, hydrology and soil carbon after permafrost degradation across heterogeneous boreal landscapes. Environ. Res. Lett. 8, 035017 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Liljedahl, A. K. et al. Pan-Arctic ice-wedge degradation in warming permafrost and its influence on tundra hydrology. Nat. Geosci. 9, 312–318 (2016).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Walvoord, M. A. & Kurylyk, B. L. Hydrologic impacts of thawing permafrost—a review. Vadose Zone J. 15, vzj2016.01.0010 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Perreault, N., Levesque, E., Fortier, D. & Lamarque, L. J. Thermo-erosion gullies boost the transition from wet to mesic tundra vegetation. Biogeosciences 13, 1237–1253 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    IPCC Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis (eds Stocker, T. F. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2013).

  13. 13.

    Andersland, O. & Ladanyi, B. Frozen Ground Engineering (Wiley, 2004).

  14. 14.

    Teufel, B. et al. Investigation of the 2013 Alberta flood from weather and climate perspectives. Clim. Dynam. 48, 2881–2899 (2017).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Jeong, D. I. & Sushama, L. Rain-on-snow events over North America based on two Canadian regional climate models. Clim. Dynam. 50, 303–316 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Teufel, B. et al. Investigation of the mechanisms leading to the 2017 Montreal flood. Clim. Dynam. 52, 4193–4206 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    McGee, T., McFarlane, B. & Tymstra, C. in Wildfire Hazards, Risks and Disasters (eds Shroder, J. F. & Paton, D) 35–58 (Elsevier, 2015).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Both authors contributed to drafting, reviewing and finalizing the Reply.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to B. Teufel.

Ethics declarations

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Peer review information Nature Climate Change thanks Jan Hjort and the other, anonymous, reviewer(s) for their contribution to the peer review of this work.

Publisher’s note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Teufel, B., Sushama, L. Reply to: Permafrost thaw and northern development. Nat. Clim. Chang. 10, 724–725 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0861-6

Download citation