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Adjust urban and rural road pricing for fair mobility

Synergistically addressing local and global environmental damages rather than optimizing a specific aspect of the policy conundrum helps to effectively foster climate action in road transport while maintaining public acceptance and socially fair outcomes.

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Fig. 1: Comparison of road transport challenges in rural and urban areas.
Fig. 2: Comparison of average marginal external costs of passenger cars during rush hour.


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Correspondence to Felix Creutzig.

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Statistical Source Data Fig. 2

Marginal road pricing per km for Norway, based on internalizing all external costs.

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Creutzig, F., Javaid, A., Koch, N. et al. Adjust urban and rural road pricing for fair mobility. Nat. Clim. Chang. 10, 591–594 (2020).

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