The Galapagos Islands inspired the theory of evolution by means of natural selection; now in the Anthropocene, the Galapagos represent an important natural laboratory to understand ecosystem resilience in the face of climate extremes and enable effective socio-ecological co-evolution under climate change.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution
Access Nature and 54 other Nature Portfolio journals
Get Nature+, our best-value online-access subscription
$29.99 / 30 days
cancel any time
Subscribe to this journal
Receive 12 print issues and online access
$209.00 per year
only $17.42 per issue
Rent or buy this article
Prices vary by article type
Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout
Hoegh-Guldberg, O. & Bruno, J. F. Science 328, 1523–1528 (2010).
Pearson, P. N. & Palmer, M. R. Nature 406, 695–699 (2000).
Waters, C. N. et al. Science 351, aad2622 (2016).
Toral-Granda, M. V. et al. PLoS ONE 12, e0184379 (2017).
Schiller, L., Alava, J. J., Grove, J., Reck, G. & Pauly, D. Aquat. Conserv. Mar. Freshw. Ecosyst. 25, 431–446 (2014).
Field, C. B. et al. (eds) Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2012).
Cai, W. et al. Nat. Clim. Change 4, 111–116 (2014).
Holton, J. R. & Dmowska, R. El Niño, La Niña, and the Southern Oscillation (Academic Press, 1989).
Edgar, G. J. et al. Glob. Change Biol. 16, 2876–2890 (2010).
Glynn, P. W. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 19, 309–346 (1988).
IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate (eds Pörtner, D. C. et al.) (in the press).
Rayner, N. et al. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 108, D14 (2003).
Wikelski, M. & Thom, C. Nature 403, 37–38 (2000).
Lamb, R. W. et al. Sci. Rep. 8, 16602 (2018).
Frölicher, T. L. & Laufkötter, C. Nat. Commun. 9, 650 (2018).
Tittensor, D. P. et al. Sci. Adv. 5, eaay9969 (2019).
Walker, B., Holling, C. S., Carpenter, S. & Kinzig, A. Ecol. Soc. 9, 5 (2004).
Lubchenco, J. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 113, 14507–14514 (2016).
We thank M. Schuiteman for reviewing early drafts of the manuscript. We also thank the staff of the Charles Darwin Research Station that made possible the International Workshop to develop a Climate Change Research Agenda to inform climate change adaptation and mitigation for the Galapagos Marine Reserve, and to the Galapagos National Park Directorate for institutional support. We also thank the Helmsley Charitable Trust and the Dr. Gerard ‘Jerry’ Wellington Memorial Fund created by A. Blackwell for the funding provided to the Charles Darwin Foundation. This publication is contribution no. 2329 of the Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands.
About this article
Cite this article
Salinas-de-León, P., Andrade, S., Arnés-Urgellés, C. et al. Evolution of the Galapagos in the Anthropocene. Nat. Clim. Chang. 10, 380–382 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-020-0761-9
This article is cited by
Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R. Almedia habitat exhibited robust adaptability to diverse socioeconomic scenarios in eastern India
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (2023)
Managing biodiversity in the Anthropocene: discussing the Nature Futures Framework as a tool for adaptive decision-making for nature under climate change
Sustainability Science (2022)
Oceanic islands and climate: using a multi-criteria model of drivers of change to select key conservation areas in Galapagos
Regional Environmental Change (2021)