Perspective | Published:

Appraising geodiversity and cultural diversity approaches to building resilience through conservation


There is no single way of increasing climate resilience that works in all locations and circumstances. This Perspective examines two current approaches to climate-resilient conservation projects that draw on insights from the Earth sciences. A cultural diversity approach has long been used by conservation organizations with large and well-trained personnel, whereas a geodiversity approach is gaining support as a way to undertake large-scale conservation planning using readily available tools. Because the two approaches are not inherently incompatible with each other, and have complementary strengths and weaknesses, land trust project managers should take advantage of both approaches to achieve their local goals.

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This work has been supported by a seed grant from the London School of Economics Institute for Global Affairs–Rockefeller Research and Impact Fund and a Ciriacy-Wantrup Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of California, Berkeley.

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All authors contributed to the planning of the paper and its writing.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

Correspondence to Chris Knudson.

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Fig. 1: Map of archaeological sites at Waihe’e Coastal Dunes and Wetlands Refuge.

Theresa Donham

Fig. 2: Geodiversity fosters biological diversity.
Fig. 3: Mapping tool for geodiversity approach.