Meeting the ambitions of the Paris Agreement will require rapid and massive decarbonization of cities, as well as adaptation. Capacity and requirement differs across cities, with challenges and opportunities for transformational action in both the Global North and South.

  • Subscribe to Nature Climate Change for full access:

    $59

    Subscribe

Additional access options:

Already a subscriber?  Log in  now or  Register  for online access.

References

  1. 1.

    Patterson, L. J. et al. Current Opinion Environ. Sustain. 31, 1–9 (2018).

  2. 2.

    Xue, J., Walnum, H. J., Aall, C. & Næss, P. Sustainability 9, 20 (2017).

  3. 3.

    Amundsen, H., Hovelsrud, G. K., Aall, C., Karlsson, M. & Westskog, H. Current Opinion Environ. Sustain. 31, 23–29 (2018).

  4. 4.

    Solecki, W., Pelling, M. & Garschagen, M. Ecol. Soc. 22, 38 (2017).

  5. 5.

    World Population Prospects (Population Division, United Nations, 2015).

  6. 6.

    Pelling, M. et al. Current Opinion Environ. Sustain. 31, 1–15 (2018).

  7. 7.

    Déque, M. et al. Clim. Services 7, 87–95 (2016).

  8. 8.

    Birkmann., J., Welle, T., Solecki, W., Lwasa, S. & Garschagen, M. Nature 537, 605–608 (2016).

  9. 9.

    MiamiForever (2018); http://go.nature.com/2BhHL3A

  10. 10.

    Climate Action: Mayor, Comptroller, Trustees Announce First-In-The-Nation Goal to Divest From Fossil Fuels. NYC (10 January 2018).

  11. 11.

    Simoes, E. et al. Regional Environ. Change 17, 1739–1750 (2017).

  12. 12.

    Shared Mobility: Innovation for Liveable Cities (OECD, ITF, 2016).

  13. 13.

    Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Sustainable Development (United Nations, 2015).

  14. 14.

    Second Assessment of Research on Climate Change in Cities (eds Rosenzweig, C. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2018).

  15. 15.

    Grandin, J., Haarstad, H., Kjaeras, K. & Bouzarovski, S. Current Opinion Environ. Sustain 31, 16–22 (2018).

  16. 16.

    World Cities Report 2016 (United Nations, 2016).

  17. 17.

    Cities Community-Wide Emissions (Carbon Disclosure Project, 2017); http://go.nature.com/2EDfoyI

  18. 18.

    Urban Climate Change Resea rch Network (accessed 29 January 2017); http://go.nature.com/2sv5yKe

  19. 19.

    Mitchell, D. et al. Geosci. Model Dev 10, 571–583 (2017).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Geography and Institute for Sustainable Cities — Hunter College, City University of New York, New York, USA

    • William Solecki
  2. NASA, Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, USA

    • Cynthia Rosenzweig
  3. Department of Energy, Environment & Climate Change, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani, Thailand

    • Shobhakar Dhakal
  4. Sustainable and Resilient City Initiatives Unit, Ethekwini Municipality, Durban, South Africa

    • Debra Roberts
  5. School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

    • Debra Roberts
  6. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

    • Aliyu Salisu Barau
  7. C40, New York, USA

    • Seth Schultz
  8. Center for Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Policy, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary

    • Diana Ürge-Vorsatz

Authors

  1. Search for William Solecki in:

  2. Search for Cynthia Rosenzweig in:

  3. Search for Shobhakar Dhakal in:

  4. Search for Debra Roberts in:

  5. Search for Aliyu Salisu Barau in:

  6. Search for Seth Schultz in:

  7. Search for Diana Ürge-Vorsatz in:

Corresponding author

Correspondence to William Solecki.